The object of landscape lighting is different from indoor lighting and architectural environment lighting, whose main purpose is to enhance the effect of scenery to create a kind of night landscape. Therefore, in terms of light and shadow types, we should try to choose light sources with better direction and control, and reduce the use of universal floodlighting luminaires.
Lighting methods vary considerably depending on the location. For example, street lighting on both sides of a garden path should have uniform and continuous illumination, thus meeting the need for safety.
The brightness of the lighting should be based on the needs of the activity and safety, too bright or too dark can cause discomfort to visitors, and lighting design should pay particular attention to glare. Concealing the luminaires among the trees provides the necessary illumination without causing glare.
There are also more and more landscape luminaires being used in the design of modern landscapes. Breaking the traditional limits of lawn lights, street lights, buried lights etc., they are innovative and creative. The size of the shadows formed during lighting, the light and shade are in harmony with the environment and atmosphere, more naturally facilitating the use of light and shadow to set off nature, and more conducive to creating a certain scene and atmosphere.
Introducing several common types of landscape lighting.
1 Tree lighting
①Floodlights are generally placed on the ground and the arrangement is determined according to the type and appearance of the trees.
②If you want to illuminate a higher position on the tree, a metal pole with the same height as the irradiated position can be placed next to the tree to install the light.
2 Lighting of flower beds
①For flowerbeds on the ground level, a luminaire called a magic valley luminaire is used for downward illumination, the luminaire is often placed in the centre or at the edge of the flowerbed, the height of the luminaire depends on the height of the flower.
②Light sources commonly used are incandescent, compact fluorescent, metal halide and LED light sources, using light sources with a relatively high colour rendering index.
3 Waterscape lighting
①Still water and lake lighting: lamps and lanterns irradiate the shore scene, can form a reflection on the water surface; for objects on the shore, available submerged floodlights to illuminate; for dynamic water surface available floodlights directly irradiate the water surface.
② lighting of the fountain: in the case of water jets, the floodlighting fixtures installed in the pool behind the spout or in the water to fall back into the pool below the fall point, or two places are installed on the lamps. The frequent use of red, blue and yellow primary colours, followed by green.
③ Lighting of waterfalls: for water streams and waterfalls, the luminaire should be installed at the base of the water where it falls.
Post time: Nov-25-2022